What Are The 5 Common Sinus Disorders

There are many types of sinus and nose disorders, some can be allergies or reactions whereas others can be something more serious which need the attention of an allergy doctor. Here is a list of some very commonly occurring sinus infections and disorders.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is also known as hay fever. It is a very common type of nasal allergy, which occurs during the summer and winter time. The main cause of allergic rhinitis or hay fever is pollen or hay. It can also be caused by dust, pet fur and other triggers, but those are secondary.

You may experience a lot of coughing, sneezing and wheezing, along with a high grade fever which goes down after a couple of days or even some weeks. You will also see that your throat is very sore and your nose is blocked. This may be caused by the excessive inflammation in your nose, which is causing your nasal airways to be blocked, preventing you from breathing through the nose properly.

The best treatment for hay fever or allergic rhinitis is to have anti-allergy medication on hand. Also, using anti-inflammatory drugs for the swelling and other internal inflammation. Other than that, you can use over the counter fever drugs to cool yourself down and bring your feverish temperatures down to normal. Also, try to avoid the triggers as much as possible. Wear a mask if you need to go out, change your clothes after coming back to the house and make sure that you have a good personal hygiene.

Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection. It is a long-lasting type of sinusitis and it can last for up to 3 months or even more, depending on the severity of the symptoms. The main symptoms you will feel are as follows:

  • You will feel pressure in your sinus.
  • Minor headaches, which are more severe in the morning.
  • You will experience a stuffy nose.
  • You will not be able to breathe properly.
  • You will see that your nose is swollen because of small bumps formed in it, called polyps.

Fungal Sinusitis

Any type of disorder caused by a fungal infection is known as a fungal disease. Sinusitis is also caused by fungus. Your nose is at more risk of being infected by a fungus because there is a lot of mucus in the nose and it can be subjected to any sort of infection. It is also a long-term sinusitis which will occur for months.

You will need to get the treatment started as soon as possible, because you don’t want the fungus to deteriorate anything else. The symptoms are more or less the same as normal acute or chronic sinusitis.

Acute Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis, as the name suggests, is something which has a shorter duration of occurrence. It can be caused by a virus or any sort of viral flu, like the common cold. Most acute viral infections may last for 2 weeks, maximum.

Acute sinusitis will last for up to 4 weeks and afterwards, you can see the symptoms starting to go down. The symptoms are similar to the ones in chronic sinusitis, but they will be occurring more shortly.

You can use sinus medicine to treat the symptoms, but it generally goes down after 3 to 4 weeks, so try to alleviate the symptoms as much as you can.

Smelling Disorder

This is an accompanying disorder with some very common nose and sinus infections. Loss of smell is also coupled with loss of taste. This can be due to a very serious infection or it can be due to allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, formation of polyps which can deter your nose and have an effect on your smelling sense.

For this, you will need to treat the primary cause of the problem and you will see that your sense of smell will improve when you treat the underlying cause of the disease.


There you have it! Now you know the many types of sinus diseases. This will make self-diagnosis easier for you and you will have instant relief once you visit the allergy specialist. Once prescribed a treatment, follow it completely to get positive results.

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